(Osmundea pinnatifida) on moderately exposed mid eulittoral rock

Description of (Osmundea pinnatifida) on moderately exposed mid eulittoral rock


flag A1.126
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:12.865
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2642
imageSize 0 Bytes

Exposed to moderately exposed lower eulittoral rock characterised by extensive areas or a distinct band of Osmundea pinnatifida and Gelidium pusillum (either together or separately). This community usually occurs on shores on which a fucoid canopy is reduced in extent, or even absent. Other turf-forming red seaweeds, such as Corallina officinalis, Mastocarpus stellatus, Ceramium spp. and Callithamnion hookeri may be present, although O. pinnatifida always dominate. On flatter, more sheltered shores, Osmundea hybrida may also occur. Small patches of bare rock amongst the algal turf are occupied by barnacles Semibalanus balanoides, the limpet Patella vulgata, the whelk Nucella lapillus and small individuals of the mussel Mytilus edulis. The winkles Littorina littorea and Littorina saxatilis can be present on the rock or among the seaweeds. A variation of this biotope has been described for the chalk platforms in Kent where extensive turfs of G. pusillum occur in the mid eulittoral above the main O. pinnatifida zone. Situation: This biotope can be found below barnacles S. balanoides or red seaweed dominated community, which includes the species Palmaria palmata, C. officinalis or M. stellatus (A1.112; A1 122; A1.411). It is found above biotopes dominated by the wrack Fucus serratus and red seaweeds (A1.12; A1.222; A1.2141) or above biotopes dominated by the kelp Laminaria digitata (A3.2111).