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[Fucus spiralis] on full salinity upper eulittoral mixed substrata

Description of [Fucus spiralis] on full salinity upper eulittoral mixed substrata

Identity:

flag A1.3122
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:12.926
lastMaintainerIdentity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2687
imageSize 0 Bytes

Moderately exposed to sheltered full salinity upper eulittoral mixed substrata characterised by a band of the wrack Fucus spiralis. Occasional clumps of the wrack Pelvetia canaliculata can be overgrowing the black lichen Verrucaria maura and the olive green lichen Verrucaria mucosa. On the more stable boulders underneath the fronds the red crust Hildenbrandia rubra can be found along with the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides and the limpet Patella vulgata. The winkles Littorina littorea and Littorina saxatilis can be found on and among the boulders and cobbles, while amphipods and the crab Carcinus maenas can be present either underneath the boulders or among the brown seaweeds. The green seaweed Enteromorpha intestinalis can occur in some abundance especially during the summer. Situation: This zone usually lies below a zone dominated by the wrack P. canaliculata (units A1.211; A1.311). Vertical surfaces in this zone, especially on moderately exposed shores, often lack the fucoids and are characterised by a barnacle-limpet dominated community (A1.113).In areas of extreme shelter, such as in Scottish sea lochs, the P. canaliculata and F. spiralis zones often merge together forming a very narrow band. A1.3122 occur above the wracks Ascophyllum nodosum (A1.3142) and/or Fucus vesiculosus (A1.3132) zones. These two fucoids may also occur among the F. spiralis, although F. spiralis always dominates. Fspi.X can also be found above a barnacle S. balanoides and winkle L. littorea dominated biotope (A2.431). Temporal variation: Ephemeral green seaweeds such as E. intestinalis can occur in some abundance during the summer when the growth conditions are optimal.