[Fucus vesiculosus] on full salinity moderately exposed to sheltered mid eulittoral rock

Description of [Fucus vesiculosus] on full salinity moderately exposed to sheltered mid eulittoral rock


flag A1.3131
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:12.929
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2689
imageSize 0 Bytes

Moderately exposed to sheltered mid eulittoral bedrock and large boulders characterised by a dense canopy of the wrack Fucus vesiculosus (Abundant to Superabundant). Beneath the seaweed canopy the rock surface has a sparse covering of the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides and the limpet Patella vulgata. The mussel Mytilus edulis is confined to pits and crevices. A variety of winkles including Littorina littorea, Littorina saxatilis and the whelk Nucella lapillus are found beneath the seaweeds, whilst Littorina obtusata/mariae graze on the fucoid fronds. The calcareous tube-forming polychaete Spirorbis spirorbis may also occur epiphytically on the fronds. In areas of localised shelter the wrack Ascophyllum nodosum may occur, though never at high abundance. Damp cracks and crevices often contain patches of the red seaweed Mastocarpus stellatus and even the wrack Fucus serratus may be present. The crab Carcinus maenas may be present in pools or among the boulders. Situation: This biotope usually occurs between the wrack Fucus spiralis (A1.312) and the F. serratus (A1 315) zones; both of these fucoids may be present in this biotope, though never at high abundance (typically less than Frequent). In some sheltered areas F. vesiculosus forms a narrow zone above the A. nodosum zone (A1.314). Where freshwater runoff occurs on more gradually sloping shores F. vesiculosus may be replaced by the wrack Fucus ceranoides (A1.327). Temporal variation: On some shores, particularly those which are moderately exposed to wave action, temporal fluctuations in the abundance of limpets, barnacles and fucoid seaweeds may occur. As a result, over a number of years, a single shore may cycle between the barnacle-P. vulgata dominated biotope (A1.1132), through this mosaic (A1.213) to a F. vesiculosus-dominated biotope (A1.313).