[Ascophyllum nodosum] and [Fucus vesiculosus] on variable salinity mid eulittoral rock

Description of [Ascophyllum nodosum] and [Fucus vesiculosus] on variable salinity mid eulittoral rock


flag A1.324
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:12.946
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2702
imageSize 0 Bytes

Very sheltered to extremely sheltered mid eulittoral bedrock, boulders or cobbles subject to variable salinity characterised by an impoverished community dominated by a mixture of the wracks Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus vesiculosus. Underneath the canopy are a few green seaweeds including Enteromorpha intestinalis and Cladophora spp., while the red seaweed Polysiphonia lanosa can be found as an epiphyte on A. nodosum. On the rock and among the boulders are the winkles Littorina littorea and Littorina saxatilis, the crab Carcinus maenas, the barnacles Semibalanus balanoides and Elminius modestus and even the occasional mussel Mytilus edulis. Among the seaweeds and underneath the boulders a variety of gammarids can be found. Situation: This biotope usually lies below the Fucus spiralis biotope (unit A1.322) or the Fucus ceranoides dominated biotopes (A1.327) and above the variable salinity F. serratus dominated biotope (A1.326), although on some shores a narrow zone of F. vesiculosus (A1.313) may occur immediately above the A. nodosum. With increasing wave exposure the A. nodosum canopy can be more dense (A1.3141). Temporal variation: A. nodosum can reach an age of 25 years and the communities are usually stable. F. vesiculosus or F. serratus can occur in patches where the A. nodosum has been removed.