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[Fucus serratus] and large [Mytilus edulis] on variable salinity lower eulittoral rock

Description of [Fucus serratus] and large [Mytilus edulis] on variable salinity lower eulittoral rock

Identity:

flag A1.326
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:12.949
lastMaintainerIdentity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2704
imageSize 0 Bytes

Areas of very sheltered lower eulittoral rock or mixed substrata subject to variable salinity, which support an impoverished community dominated by the wrack Fucus serratus. The hydroid Dynamena pumila can form colonies on the F. serratus and clumps of large individuals of the mussel Mytilus edulis may be present on the bedrock beneath. The canopy of F. serratus is not usually as dense as in the other F. serratus dominated biotopes due the presence of the wracks Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus vesiculosus, which are better adapted to the variable salinity. A few red seaweeds are present which includes the species Mastocarpus stellatus, Chondrus crispus and coralline crusts. Underneath the canopy is a sparse fauna consisting of barnacles Semibalanus balanoides, Balanus crenatus and Elminius modestus, the limpet Patella vulgata or the occasional presence of the winkles Littorina obtusata and Littorina mariae and the crab Carcinus maenas. The tube-forming polychaetes Pomatoceros triqueter or spirorbid polychaetes can be found. In areas (such as the Scottish sea lochs) where variable salinity water passes through tide-swept narrows and the associated biota is impoverished such records should be classified as A1.326 rather than A1.152. Situation: This biotope may be found below the variable salinity F. vesiculosus dominated biotope or A. nodosum dominated biotope (A1.324; A1.323), particularly in Scottish sea lochs. It can be found above the biotopes dominated by the kelp Laminaria saccharina(units A3.322; A3.323). Temporal variation: The canopy of F. serratus is not as dense as in the other F. serratus dominated biotopes due the presence of the wracks A. nodosum and F. vesiculosus, which are better adapted to the variable salinity. They will therefore out-compete F. serratus on the lower shore and an ecological shift can occur (In the Baltic Sea F. vesiculosus is the dominant sublittoral brown seaweed). Due to the variable or low salinity conditions the individual red seaweeds may not be as large as specimens found in fully marine conditions and they can lack sexually reproductive structures.