[Audouinella purpurea] and [Cladophora rupestris] on upper to mid-shore cave walls

Description of [Audouinella purpurea] and [Cladophora rupestris] on upper to mid-shore cave walls


flag A1.444
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:12.987
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2732
imageSize 0 Bytes

Vertical and steeply-sloping upper walls at the entrances and inner reaches of upper to mid-shore caves that are partially sheltered from direct wave action characterised by a turf of the 'velvety' red seaweed Audouinella purpurea. Patches of green filamentous seaweed Cladophora rupestris can be present. The fauna is generally limited to limpets Patella spp., the winkle Littorina saxatilis and the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides, while they usually occur in low abundance. Filamentous or crust forming brown seaweeds may occur mixed with A. purpurea, often becoming a zone in its own right (unit A1.443) above this unit. Other shade-tolerant red seaweed such as Catenella caespitosa and Lomentaria articulata may occur (but at lower abundance), and where freshwater seepage occurs, Enteromorpha intestinalis can form patches. Some variation in the species composition of the individual caves must be expected depending on local conditions. A. purpurea can be the only seaweed present in caves on the Thanet coast in south-east England. This biotope is known to occur in hard rock caves in north-east England and chalk caves in south-east England. Received after deadline: A. purpurea has changed name to Rhodochorton purpurea. Situation: In hard rock caves, this biotope is generally found on the upper walls above units A1.449 and A1.448 and beneath the biotopes dominated by green and/or brown crusts (A1.442; A1.443). In chalk caves, this unit may cover the lower and upper walls, while it is usually found below units A1.442 and/or A1.443.