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[Enteromorpha] spp. on freshwater-influenced and/or unstable upper eulittoral rock

Description of [Enteromorpha] spp. on freshwater-influenced and/or unstable upper eulittoral rock

Identity:

flag A1.451
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:13.002
lastMaintainerIdentity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2743
imageSize 0 Bytes

Upper shore hard substratum that is relatively unstable (e.g. soft rock) or subject to considerable freshwater runoff is typically very species poor and characterised by a dense mat of Enteromorpha spp., though Ulva lactuca can occur as well. It occurs in a wider zone spanning from the supralittoral down to the upper eulittoral, across a wide range of wave exposures range. This biotope is generally devoid of fauna, except for occasional limpets Patella vulgata, winkles Littorina littorea or Littorina saxatilis and barnacles Semibalanus balanoides. Situation: This band of green seaweeds is usually found above a zone dominated by a mixture Enteromorpha spp. and Porphyra spp. (unit A1.452) or a Fucus spiralis or Fucus ceranoides zone (units A1.312; A1.327), and may replace the Pelvetia canaliculata zone (A1.211). It can be found below a zone dominated by yellow and grey lichens. In very sheltered areas the seagrass Ruppia maritima can be found above this biotope while different wracks such as Fucus spp. can dominate the zone below (A5.5343; A1.314; A1.312). Temporal variation: Seasonal fluctuations in the abundance of the Enteromorpha spp. and the occurrence of the other green seaweeds species will occur.