[Macoma balthica] and [Arenicola marina] in muddy sand shores

Description of [Macoma balthica] and [Arenicola marina] in muddy sand shores


flag A2.241
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:13.055
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2782
imageSize 0 Bytes

Muddy sand or fine sand, often occurring as extensive intertidal flats both on open coasts and in marine inlets. The sediment is often compacted, with a rippled surface, areas of standing water, and generally remains water-saturated during low water. Scattered stones, cobbles and boulders with attached fucoids may be present. An anoxic layer is usually present within 5cm of the sediment surface and is often visible in worm casts. The habitat may be subject to variable salinity conditions in marine inlets. The species assemblage is characterised by the lugworm Arenicola marina and the Baltic tellin Macoma balthica. The polychaetes Scoloplos armiger and Pygospio elegans are typically superabundant and common, respectively. Oligochaetes, probably mainly Tubificoides benedii and T. pseudogaster, may be common, and the cockle Cerastoderma edule may be abundant. Situation: This unit has broad transition areas with units A2.242 and A2.243, which tends to occur lower down on the shore.