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[Laminaria hyperborea] with dense foliose red seaweeds on exposed infralittoral rock

Description of [Laminaria hyperborea] with dense foliose red seaweeds on exposed infralittoral rock

Identity:

flag A3.115
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:13.360
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 2984
imageSize 0 Bytes

Very exposed to exposed infralittoral bedrock or large boulders characterised by the kelp Laminaria hyperborea, beneath which is a dense turf of foliose red seaweeds. Three variations of this biotope are described: the upper infralittoral kelp forest (unit A3.1151), the kelp park below (unit A3.1152) and a third type of kelp forest, confined to southern England, that is characterised by a mixture of L. hyperborea and Laminaria ochroleuca (unit A3.1153). The fauna of these biotopes is markedly less abundant than kelp forests in areas of greater wave surge (unit A3.113); sponges, anthozoans and polyclinid ascidians may be present, though never at high abundance. Beneath the under-storey of red seaweeds, the rock surface is generally covered with encrusting coralline algae.