Mixed kelp and red seaweeds on infralittoral boulders, cobbles and gravel in tidal rapids

Description of Mixed kelp and red seaweeds on infralittoral boulders, cobbles and gravel in tidal rapids


flag A3.223
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:13.433
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 3039
imageSize 0 Bytes

Mixed substrata of boulders, cobbles, pebbles and gravel, typically found in tidal rapids with kelp Laminaria saccharina and Laminaria hyperborea and red seaweeds. L. saccharina usually dominates this habitat although L. hyperborea may occur in equal abundance at some sites. The kelp in these tidal rapids does not form the same dense canopies associated with stable tide-swept bedrock, but generally occurs at lower abundance (Frequent). Other brown seaweeds occur in significant amounts in these tidal rapids including Dictyota dichotoma, Halidrys siliquosa and Chorda filum. These mixed substrata support a greater diversity of species than scoured bedrock narrows (A3.222). In particular, there is an increase in red algal species such as Corallina officinalis, Bonnemaisonia hamifera and Ceramium nodulosum, although none occur in any great abundance. Red seaweeds common to both A3.222 and this biotope include Chondrus crispus, Delesseria sanguinea, Plocamium cartilagineum and Phycodrys rubens. Good examples of this biotope often have maerl gravel (Lithothamnion sp.) or rhodoliths between cobbles and boulders. Where maerl dominates, the biotope should be recorded as a maerl bed (unit A5.51). The sponges associated with more stable, tide-swept conditions are generally absent, but the anthozoan Anemonia viridis might be present. Cobbles and pebbles are encrusted by the ubiquitous polychaete Pomatoceros triqueter and provide shelter for scavenging crabs such as Carcinus maenas and the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus, gastropods such as Gibbula cineraria and echinoderms such as Echinus esculentus, Asterias rubens, Ophiocomina nigra and Ophiothrix fragilis which favour these sites of increased water movement. Additional infaunal species, inhabiting the sediment pockets, include Lanice conchilega and Sabella pavonina, which can be locally abundant. Situation: Where stable rock fringes the shallows the tide-swept Laminaria digitata biotope often occurs (A3.221). Adjacent areas of stable bedrock or boulders in these sheltered, tide-swept narrows can support a similar kelp community, often with a greater percentage of L. hyperborea (A3.222). Maerl fragments are often found amongst the mixed substrata of A3.223 and this biotope may abut more extensive areas of maerl bed (A5.512)