[Balanus crenatus] and [Tubularia indivisa] on extremely tide-swept circalittoral rock

Description of [Balanus crenatus] and [Tubularia indivisa] on extremely tide-swept circalittoral rock


flag A4.111
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:13.559
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 3133
imageSize 0 Bytes

This biotope typically occurs on upward-facing, extremely tide-swept, circalittoral bedrock, boulders and cobbles found in a broad spectrum of wave-exposures. It is characterised by a few species that are capable of maintaining a foothold in strong tides. These species either form a flat, adherent crust in the case of the barnacle Balanus crenatus, or have strong attachment points and are flexible, bending with the tide, such as the turf of the hydroid Tubularia indivisa. Other species able to tolerate these very strong tides, or just situated slightly out of the main force of the current, include the sponge Halichondria panicea, the robust hydroid Sertularia argentea and current-tolerant anemones such as Sagartia elegans, Urticina felina and Metridium senile. Mobile species such as the starfish Asterias rubens, the crab Cancer pagurus and the whelk Nucella lapillus may also be present. Situation: This biotope is typically occurs in deep, very tide-swept straights, sounds and narrows with a bedrock/boulder/cobble slope. Kelp forest (unit A3.212) occurs in shallower water.