[Flustra foliacea] and [Hydrallmania falcata] on tide-swept circalittoral mixed sediment

Description of [Flustra foliacea] and [Hydrallmania falcata] on tide-swept circalittoral mixed sediment


flag A5.444
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:13.961
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 3434
imageSize 0 Bytes

This biotope represents part of a transition between sand-scoured circalittoral rock where the epifauna is conspicuous enough to be considered as a biotope and a sediment biotope where an infaunal sample is required to characterise it and is possibly best considered an epibiotic overlay. Flustra foliacea and the hydroid Hydrallmania falcata characterise this biotope; lesser amounts of other hydroids such as Sertularia argentea, Nemertesia antennina and occasionally Nemertesia ramose, occur where suitably stable hard substrata is found. The anemone Urticina feline and the soft coral Alcyonium digitatum may also characterise this biotope. Barnacles Balanus crenatus and tube worms Pomatoceros triqueter may be present and the robust bryozoans Alcyonidium diaphanum and Vesicularia spinosa appear amongst the hydroids at a few sites. Sabella pavonina and Lanice conchilega may be occasionally found in the coarse sediment around the stones. In shallower (i.e. upper circalittoral) examples of this biotope scour-tolerant robust red algae such as Polysiphonia nigrescens, Calliblepharis spp. and Gracilaria gracilis are found. Situation: This biotope is found around most coasts, although regional differences are seen where one or two similarly scour-tolerant species such as Styela clava and Crepidula fornicata (Solent) occupy the hard substrata