[Modiolus modiolus] beds on open coast circalittoral mixed sediment

Description of [Modiolus modiolus] beds on open coast circalittoral mixed sediment


flag A5.622
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:14.069
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 3515
imageSize 0 Bytes

Muddy gravels and coarse sands in deeper water of continental seas may contain venerid bivalves with beds of Modiolus modiolus. The clumping of the byssus threads of the M. modiolus creates a stable habitat that attracts a very rich infaunal community with a high density of polychaete species including Glycera lapidum, Paradoneis lyra, Aonides paucibranchiata, Laonice bahusiensis, Protomystides bidentata, Lumbrineris spp., Mediomastus fragilis and syllids such as Exogone spp. and Sphaerosyllis spp. Bivalves such as Spisula elliptica, Timoclea ovata and other venerid species are also common. Brittlestars such as Amphipholis squamata may also occur with this community. This biotope is very similar to A5.451 and the 'boreal off-shore gravel association' and the 'deep Venus community' described by previous workers (Ford 1923; Jones 1951). Similar Modiolus beds (though with a less diverse infauna) on open coast stable boulders, cobbles and sediment are described under A5.621.