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Caspian [Fagus] forests

Description of Caspian [Fagus] forests

Identity:

flag G1.6I
creatorIdentity remo
creationTime 2017-08-16T16:38:14.494
Last Maintainer Identity remo
modificationTime 2016-03-16T18:42:49
id 3834
imageSize 0 Bytes

Forests of Fagus orientalis on north slopes of the Elburz Mountains, at the 1400-1800 metre level, under the climatic influence of the Caspian Sea, with cool temperatures and moderate annual precipitation, typically with abundant snowfall; the beech is either accompanied by Acer insigne, Alnus subcordata, Carpinus betulus, Quercus castaneifolia, Sorbus torminalis, Taxus baccata, Ulmus glabra, or growing in pure formations, the presence of other tree species diminishing towards the upper altitudinal levels; a luxurient understorey includes Ilex hyrcanica, Daphne pontica, Vaccinium arctostaphylos.